According to Aztec religion, these omens meant that something … answer. History >> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids Between 1519 and 1521 the Spanish, under the leadership of conquistador Hernan Cortés, conquered the Aztec Empire. The Spanish brought smallpox and various other Old World diseases with them to which New World populations had little resistance. Hernan Cortez; Malintzin helped him . Add Long Term/Short Term, themes. Test. Who was the conquistador that conquered the Aztec empire and who helped him? the Spanish had superior weapons - steel swords armour and guns compared to the Aztec wooden swords. Jaques Cartier. This was a huge factor in the Aztec's defeat, for the armour and technology of the Spanish greatly exceded that of the Aztecs. The Empire was actually a confederation of three city-states that shared power with one another. What were the Spanish soldiers who conquered the Americas called? lands that are controled by another nation. With the aid of a native woman translator named Malinche, Cortés learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. Within a couple of weeks, Montezuma had allowed himself to be taken … Gravity. The deeply religious Montezuma had dithered and fretted about the arrival of these foreigners and did not oppose them. They continued their fight against the Spanish with spears and slings, but these weapons were no match for swords, crossbows and cannons. Thirdly, another reason that enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs was surely their translators, Doña Marina -also known as ‘La Malinche’- and Geronimo de Aguilar. Aztec Empire. Aztec Empire Spanish Conquest. What enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Decline in the empires was one. Superior weaponry. Match. Factors that led to the defeat of the Aztecs. answer. The Aztecs: The Aztec Empire ruled Mesoamerica from 1300-1521. What factors enabled them to succeed in their conquest? Exploration of the Americas. These diseases, the most … While the Spanish did have better technology like guns and steel armor, the deciding factor in conquering the Aztecs was that Cortes had allies. Christopher Columbus. STUDY. conquistadors. Although the Spanish had much lower quantities of forces, they had the power and quality of advanced technology. Superior weaponry, help froom other natives, and the spread of European disease. charter. The Spanish were helped by the Tlaxcala, a Mesoamerican civilisation rival of the Aztecs, and other native tribes which allied with them to defeat the Aztecs, especially in the siege of Tenochtitlan because the Spanish falsely promised them territories and a tax-free partnership in the post-conquest rule of Mexico. Some estimates claim that 90% of the Incas were killed by disease alone. New Communities. In November of 1519, the Spanish entered Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Mexica people and leader of the Aztec Triple Alliance. One significant factor was disease. The Aztec empire was full of people unhappy with Aztec rule ready to aid the Spanish while the Inca empire was in a civil war when the Spanish … The great civilizations of Mexico and of Central and South America faced many internal conflicts at the start of the sixteenth century. Combined with Spanish military technology, European diseases have often been accorded a major role in the conquest of the Aztecs; the “guns, germs and steel” theory made popular by Jared Diamond. What process did Columbus and his followers begin? After a short period fighting against the Tabasco people, they exchanged gifts with the Spanish. Like the Aztecs and countless other Native American tribes, disease, inferior technology, and the world view of their opponents meant annihilation. answer. As Cortés and Pizarro conquered the civilizations of the Americas, fellow con- quistadors defeated other native peoples. The Aztecs did not know what to do; a tense stand-off ensued, during which Moctezuma was the “guest” of the Spanish. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. In addition to these factors, smallpox undoubtedly played a huge part in the fall of the Aztec Empire. enlisted the help of various native groups, and European disease which the Aztecs had not developed a natural immunity. They were welcomed by Montezuma and put in a sumptuous palace. Write. But their troubles became far greater when the first Spanish explorers arrived. Certain factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs. What happened to the Aztecs, Maya, and Inca? gave the Spanish greater speed, mobility and height in battles. Extension task: Diamond Eight to show what the most important factors were in Cortes extending the Spanish empire of New Spain, to the Aztec Kingdom. First, the Spanish had the advantage of supe-rior weaponry. Who was the king of the Aztec empire when the conquistadors arrived in Mexico? The Aztecs mounted a fierce military defense against the Spaniards. document, giving permission to start a colony. Founded the Americas. New Mexico offered little in the way of wealth, so the Spanish were more concerned there with spreading the Catholic religion. One hundred years later, after a series of smallpox epidemics had decimated the local population, it is estimated only around 1.5-3 million natives had survived. First, the Spanish had the advantage of superior weaponry.Second,Cortes was able to enlist the help of various native groups.With the help of a native woman translator (Malinche), Cortes learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? question. Conquistadors by Margaret Duncan Coxhead. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. From them, the Spanish learned that many of the sacrificial victims were friends of the Royal House, or high-ranking nobility and priests. After the Spanish Conquest, many Spanish priests and friars learned enough of the Aztec’s language to talk with Aztec survivors of the battles and diseases. THAT is a myth perpetuated by the spanish in order to make the natives look stupid. Industry . Eventually, Spanish conquistadors arrived in Mexico and seized Tenochtitlan. You could easily have googled this question. Aztec arrows were no match for the Spaniards’ muskets and cannons. In 1519, Hernando Cortés landed on the Gulf of Mexico with 600 men, and plenty of horses and guns. When Cortés and his army began their campaign against the Aztecs in 1519, over 30 million people were living in Mexico. The other factor that had undermined the Incan Empire was a herald of the approaching European settlers – disease. European diseases (small pocks), they had horse, they had newer better wepons. question. Now Cortes learned that 900 Spaniards had landed on the coast and that their commander, Narvarez, had orders to arrest Cortes and take over the expedition. The Aztecs were a tribute empire and had many enemies that were not happy with them, when Cortes came along they jumped at the chance to get revenge on the Aztecs, Cortes only had about 300 guys at most the Aztecs had at least 100,000 strong … Encomienda System. How did Spain's colony in New Mexico differ from its colonies in New Spain? The first empire to fall would be the Aztecs in 1519 to Hernan Cortes and the Incas in 1533 to Francisco Pizarro.Cortes and Pizarro were able to use the same tactic to defeat both of the empires. Spell. The weapons and armour of the Spaniards were certainly formidable against the easily-shattered obsidian blades and arrows of the indigenous people, but the thousands of allies supporting … DO NOWS SECTONS 1... 1. Learn. Widespread plagues followed, weakening the empire. Colony. The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … Aztecs in 1521. Several factors played a key role in the stun-ning victory. PLAY. For centuries, Europe had been the breeding ground for a set of deadly diseases, some home grown, some imported from Asia and Africa. Second, Cortés was able to enlist the help of various native groups. Christianity. The Aztecs had basic weapons such as war clubs and bows and arrows, but the Spanish had Halberds and Crossbows. Agriculture. They fought successfully for months. Stevenock500. What resistance did the Aztecs mount? Genoese sea captain who sailed a daring voyage in 1492. it is horribly ethnocentric and ignorant. Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor. One of the presents for the Spanish was a Tabasco girl, who would be baptized and named ‘Doña Marina’ by the Spanish. and by the way "old lady" the aztecs never thought the spanish were gods. The Spanish launched an expedition against Puyumatlan; it was not successful in terms of conquest, but enabled the Spanish to seize more slaves to trade for weapons and horses. By the middle of the 16th century, Spain had cre- ated an American empire. What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? The Spanish recruited the enemies of the Aztecs and Incas to help destroy the two kingdoms. This enabled the Spanish to control the Aztecs in Mexico because… Tribute. In 1532, Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro first made contact with the mighty Inca Empire: it ruled parts of present-day Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Colombia. Every class of Aztec occasionally were sacrificed, and all ages as well. Created by. What factors enabled the spanish to defeat the aztecs? Flashcards. … Why were most of the Spanish explorers drawn to the Americas? Other than that, it was a pure backstab/lie to the Aztec king by the Spanish conquistador that enabled him to defeat the Aztecs. Certain factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs. Terms in this set (8) Superior Weapons. You might want to read more about the how the Spanish did this. The mountain passes were unguarded, with no-one in place to check the approach of the Spanish. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Horses. Disease. Mexico City . The first key factor, which enabled the Spanish to conquer Mexico, was the fact that they were viewed as gods at first because of their appearance. Spanish explorers also conquered the Maya in Yucatan and Guatemala. 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