But not if everyone do. Having used emacs for 10 years, i still don't remember most of it without looking up. Further indentation commands that Emacs provides (generically, for all modes) that you may like to recall: M-x newline-and-indent. M-l downcase_word Convert following word to lower case, moving over. C-j Perform RET followed by TAB (newline-and-indent). emacs original modeline debate, 2008 https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/help-gnu-emacs/2008-11/threads.html#00494, today, you have the following packages for enhanced modeline. Most of the time when I’ve needed it I’ve had to jump to google and enter emacs newline or some such simple search that always produced what I needed as the top results (usually this). are non-greedy versions of *, +, and ? Therefore, displaying encoding info in the mode line is probably not necessary. On by default. (example: C, C++, Java, Perl, Python, PHP, Bash, JavaScript, HTML, text, TAB Indent the current line "appropriately" in a mode-dependent fashion. In it is the paragraph: Since in the minibuffer is defined to exit the minibuffer, you can’t use it to insert a newline in the minibuffer. So right off the bat I learned two things – the first is that control-J is an old ASCII thing. When there is such a mixture, emacs defaults to UNIX mode, so the ^Ms are visible. This is easy to do using the key C-o (open-line), which inserts a newline after point but leaves point in front of the newline. When user moves the cursor, she can see the percentage display change dynamically from 1% to 100%. M-x execute_extended_command Read function name, then read its arguments and call it. With my key bindings, which I think are standard, on windows: Select region. If you have a question, put $5 at patreon and message me. Clicking on the major mode name should pop up a contextual menu to let M-c capitalize_word Capitalize the following word (or ARG words), moving over. Emacs: ValidateAndAcceptLine. “Status bar” is more standard term today. and why C-o? Once again, google and the GNU Emacs Manual provided another part of the answer. This is also a FAQ item.). I’ve long found it mysterious that, in order to enter a newline into the emacs minibuffer, you need to enter C-q C-j. This chapter describes the Emacs commands that add, remove, or adjust indentation. LaTeX, Emacs Lisp, etc.) On frames created for emacsclient (see Invoking emacsclient), the next character is ‘ @ ’. Saved or unsaved is a more useful a state to know, because when a buffer is not associated with a file, it is always modified unless it is empty, so for such buffers shown as “Modified” is rather meaningless. The real fix is to fix the program creating the file so that it uses consistent line-endings. emacs: adds unwanted newline to end of file I noticed that after I save a text file in emacs, close it, and then reopen it, there is an extra newline at the end. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. See the Emacs manual for more information about how to customize Font-lock mode. Here's the code. Anyway, the more important of the two things I learned is that C-o would have worked too. On C-x by default. It is best to show the coding system used for the current buffer in a more dedicated place, such as a menu command, and allow users to change coding system thru menu. Emacs could also adopt this convention. Search forward to the first stretch of spaces or newlines we find. So to insert a newline, you would type C-q C-j. Note: If you aren't sure how to enter the following commands in Emacs, see How keystrokes are denoted in Emacs Unconditional search and replace. Commands available starting with emacs 22. Characters are organized by category. Emacs: ViAcceptLine M-f Move forward one word (forward-word). To do this in Emacs (with M-w and C-w), see WholeLineOrRegion. To perform an unconditional search and replace, press M-x.Then enter: replace-string RET your_search_string RET your_replace_string Emacs mode line displays one of the following { nn%, Top, Bot, All }, to indicate the location of cursor relative to whole file content. Use C-q C-j.For more information, see Special Input for Incremental Search in The GNU Emacs Manual.Special Input for Incremental Search in The GNU Emacs Manual. BEHAVIORS. The mode line uses C-h+m Describe the features of Octave mode. More recent versions of vi and emacs automatically detect the newline style of the file and will use that style when editing the file, keeping the newlines consistent. For example, “Top” could mean the Hi! On some systems, Emacs displays ‘ (Unix) ’ instead of the colon for files that use newline as the line separator. For version 22 or higher, the following commands are available: align align-current align-entire align-newline-and-indent align-regexp M-w followed by the key f, l, s or w copies file name, list, S … It could do contextual menu listing user buffers instead. Any character matches itself, except for the list below. A more versatile solution is provided by Leo: if the region is active, M-w saves the region, otherwise it tries in order of URL, e-mail and the current line. (currently, emacs has no intuitive way for user to switch a mode or know what modes are available. (don't show anything when it's -- saved.). This left two questions, though, why C-q C-j? unix process viewer program “top” is running in emacs, “Bot” could The cursor location indicator is redundant when emacs has How can I have Emacs display the type of new character? C-m newline Insert a newline. Some indication of being root is a frequently requested feature. I don’t know who this Zawodny guy is, but his post saved me a lot of searching. I think the mode line should be like this: The “status” can have 3 states: “Modified”, “Read Only”, or nothing. If emacs displays “^M” (\r), that's because the file has inconsistent line endings. For the regexp approach I will use C-M-% (query-replace-regexp) and because I have to use a literal newline character I will use Emacs’s quoted-insert command, bound to C-q. Note: this does not fix the problem. the mode line and the (comparatively smaller) effort to look at the mode Considering all of the above, the possible display for status section in mode line is just “Unsaved”. words for something to new users. One method Search backward to the first space or newline we find. This is a very natural feedback.