Amazon River Basin Year: 2015. On the Brazilian side of the Amazon River, the fisheries trade generates just over 168,000 jobs, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The Amazon River is the second longest river in the world, slightly shorter than the Nile River (4,258 miles or 6,853 km), although some experts contend that the two rivers are so close in … Facts about Amazon River 8: Manaus. The Amazon River Coming a close second after the Nile as the world’s longest river, the Amazon River sets the record in terms of the sheer volume of water that it carries – a mind-boggling average discharge of 219,000 m 3 /sec of water. The other territory is an overseas department of France. The river has about 3,000 species of fish, many of which are caught for human consumption within the basin's residential and commercial communities, while many others serve as ornamental species for the aquarium trade. Its river system runs through 3 different countries. In fact, the Amazon River is … The Amazon River is within the expansive Amazon Biome, which still serves as the historically important home to 2.7 million indigenous people, according to the Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin (COICA). On the Brazilian side of the Amazon River, the fisheries trade generates just over 168,000 jobs, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization. Facts about Amazon River 8: Manaus. In the same way, Whenever rain falls in the river basin , all water flows to the amazon river to create the enormous river. Natural. It surrounds the Amazon River. As a result, this area is some of the least developed and most biodiverse in the world. PUBLISHED June … Two of its tributaries, the Negro and the Madeira, are the fifth and sixth largest rivers in … The largest part of the river is located in Brazil, and it was named by a Spanish explorer who named the Amazon forest after being attacked by women who he compared to the Greek amazons. The principal tributaries include the following, The Madeira River which spans across Bolivia and Brazil and is 2,020 miles long and … The Amazon runs through South America through some of the densest rainforests in the world, containing more biodiversity than anywhere on Earth. As a result, there are diverse habitats to be found sprawled along the Amazon River. The Amazon River is the second longest river (it is just shorter than the Nile River in Egypt) in the world and it has the largest watershed or drainage basin as well as the most tributaries of any river in the world. Second is the slope of the land surrounding the river ( also called “Amazon River drainage basin”). The Amazon River spans more than 4,000 miles and it contains nearly 1,100 tributaries, some much smaller than others. It is the seconds longest river after the Nile and it goes through the countries of Peru Brazil Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guyana and Ecuador. Actually, according to some researchers, it may even be the longest river in the world. very big right!!! The river is surrounded by the lush Amazon forest. As the Amazon River occupies seven countries, the utilization of its resources has often resulted in conflicts. The Amazon River originates in Peru. These islands are dotted throughout the river. Actually, according to some researchers, it may even be the longest river in the world. While this ancient soil can be found in several countries in the Amazon River Basin it's primarily found in Brazil. We use cookies and similar tools to enhance your shopping experience, to provide our services, understand how customers use our services so we can make improvements, and display ads. The Amazon River, which is the largest river on earth (by volume) and the second largest (in length), shorter than only the Nile of Africa, begins in the Peruvian Andes. You can find out more about the Amazon Basin further down the page. The market place in Belem, Vero-O-Peso, is the largest in Brazil. The River and the Amazon Rainforest. In Colombia, Ecuador and Peru as well as other Spanish-speaking countries, the river is known as Amazon downstream from Ucayali and Marañón rivers confluence in Peru. In fact, the forest spreads over 9 territories, 8 of which are countries. Belem was founded in 1616 as a fort. River reef. Some of these countries hold a bigger part of the Amazon forest than others. Download the file: PDF (english) The transboundary river basin profile is a summary of key information that gives an overview of the water resources and water use at the river basin level, including the transboundary water issues. Amazon's Choice for river country thermometer. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. Manaus is the largest city along the Amazon River. At one point it forms the border between Peru and Colombia, but does not flow through Colombia. He named it in honor of the female warriors he met on his voyage, who reminded him of the race of female warriors from Greek mythology. To spur development, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Bolivia alike have constructed transport systems to facilitate trade within and between their respective borders. 1 Minute Read. Scientists argue whether the Amazon or the Nile, over in Africa, holds the title for longest river; however, a little more research is needed before the Amazon takes definitive top prize. The river has about 3,000 species of fish, many of which are caught for human consumption within the basin's residential and commercial communities, while many others serve as ornamental species for the aquarium trade. Facts about Amazon River 7: the countries. More species are found here than anywhere else. The Amazon River is widely considered the second-longest river in the world, though some claim that it might actually be the longest. It is said there are over 3000 different species of fish within the Amazon River. Lindblad Expeditions has been a leader in adventure … Manaus is the capital of the state of Amazonas. An estimated 16,000 species live in the Amazon. Brazil (60% of the Amazon Rainforest is found in Brazil) Peru (13% of the Amazon Rainforest is found in Peru) River Country Universal Replacement Electric Smoker and Grill Heating Element with Adjustable Thermostat ControllerNEW 1500 Watts Higher Heat 4.4 out of 5 stars 567 $49.45 The Amazon River begins with streams in the Andes Mountains in Peru and flows into the Atlantic Ocean about 4,000 miles (6,437 km) away.The Amazon River and its watershed encompass an area of 2,720,000 square miles (7,050,000 sq km). Where is Amazon River situated? The Amazon river is the largest river in the world. The Amazon River begins in the Peruvian Andes and flows east until it ends at the Atlantic Ocean. In total, the Amazon River has approximately 1,100 tributaries out of which 17 are the biggest and most notable. The major cities on the Amazon are: Iquitos, Manaus, Santarem, and Belem. River Country 5" (RC-T5L) Adjustable BBQ Grill Thermometer 50 to 550 F (Long Stem) Before draining into the Atlantic Ocean, the river’s drainage basin snakes its way through 7 South American countries, according to the National Geographic Society. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. Smaller parts are found in the other territories. During the rubber boom the city was a hot spot of European culture. For reference, a watershed is defined as the area of land that releases its water into a river. The charcoal is primarily what gives the soil its characteristic black color. The Amazon River may wind its way through nine countries, but not all stretches are navigable or cater well to tourism. The endangered freshwater Amazon River dolphin, for instance, is highly vulnerable to this ecosystem disruption. Although the Amazon Rain Forest is huge and is incredibly biodiverse it's soil was not suitable for farming. Amazon River’s water resources account for 20 percent of all of the freshwater in the world. In addition parts of the Amazon Basin also include grassland and savannah landscapes. At 3,976 miles (6,400 km) in length, it only narrowly loses the title for the world’s longest river to the Nile River in Egypt, which is 4,132 miles (6,650 km) in length. Manaus is a city in Brazil. The Amazon Rainforest isn’t just located in a single country. This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. The Amazon River flows through six countries. The Brazilians call the Amazon the "River Sea." As a result, laws and treaties have been drafted over the years to avert conflicts. The discovery of a type of soil known a terra preta has been found in the Amazon River Basin. The River surrounds the entire Amazon Rainforest and covers territories belonging to French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Brazil. The only countries the Amazon proper flows through are Peru and Brazil. It is the second largest city in Northern Brazil, with a population of 2 Million people. The area where the mouth of the Amazon River is located in eastern Brazil features a number of islands. It's so large it actually touches all but two other countries in South America. These are inclusive of swamps, marshes, and streams, that are themselves inhabited by a diversity of wildlife species. Discerning travelers seeking an Amazon Cruise expedition should only consider three countries: Peru, Ecuador and Brazil. Therefore, it belongs to Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Brazil, Suriname, Guyana, Bolivia, French Guiana, and Venezuela. Nine countries share the Amazon basin—most of the rainforest, 58.4%, is contained within the borders of Brazil. The Many Meanders of the Juruá . An international team of scientists made an unusual discovery during a recent expedition … Amazon is the second largest river in this world in terms of length. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Countries Included in the Amazon River Basin, 10 Unique Animals of the Amazon River Basin, Geography, Politics, and Economy of Brazil, Overview of Watersheds and Watershed Management, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento, Area: 3,287,612 square miles (8,514,877 sq km), Population: 198,739,269 (July 2010 estimate), Area: 496,225 square miles (1,285,216 sq km), Population: 29,546,963 (July 2010 estimate), Area: 439,737 square miles (1,138,914 sq km), Population: 43,677,372 (July 2010 estimate), Area: 424,164 square miles (1,098,581 sq km), Population: 9,775,246 (July 2010 estimate), Area: 352,144 square miles (912,050 sq km), Population: 26,814,843 (July 2010 estimate), Area: 109,483 square miles (283,561 sq km), Population: 14,573,101 (July 2010 estimate). Iquitos, Peru. Many of these continue to depend on the river for their very survival. and traveling eastward 4000 miles where it flows into the Atlantic Ocean, makes the Amazon River the largest river in the world for volume, and the second longest river behind the Nile River.. During the wet season the Amazon River can reach 120 miles (190km) in width. 2" River Country Professional Series Adjustable Grill & Smoker Thermostat Thermometer Gauge. The over 370 types of reptiles, 3,000 freshwater fishes, and 400 amphibians that live there, and these depend on the Amazon River for survival, according to WWF. The dark soil is actually a fertilizer made from mixing charcoal, manure and bone. The Amazon River is nestled in the world’s largest tropical rainforest, wherein the climate is generally warm and humid most of the year round. Only the Nile is longer in terms of total length, but the … According to Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, the treaty granted Ecuador rights to the shared rivers and increased access to the Amazon, though the borders were largely settled on Peru’s terms. The following is a list of these six countries that are part of the Amazon River region arranged by their area. 11. The first position is taken by Nile. The Amazon River is located in South America and is the second longest river in the world. The Amazon River flows through three countries and its basin includes three more. Over half the world rainforest is located in the Amazon Rain Forest which is also called Amazonia. For years researchers assumed that the forest must have been sparsely populated by humans because the soil could not support the agriculture needed for large populations. In some of its deepest spots, this river runs 300 feet deep, and the mouth of the river lies in Manaus, Brazil. Low prices at Amazon on digital cameras, MP3, sports, books, music, DVDs, video games, home & garden and much more. In some of its deepest spots, this river runs 300 feet deep, and the mouth of the river lies in Manaus, Brazil. The Amazon Jungle spans 9 countries – 67% in Brazil, ... As well as 40,000 plant species. Its headwaters are in the Andes Mountains in Peru, on the western edge of South America and flows eastward into the Atlantic Ocean near the equator. It has a big port and population of more than 2 Million people. Let’s be precise. The Amazon river starts in Peru and ends at Atlantic Ocean. More are discovered every single year. The Most Dangerous Animals Of The Amazon Rainforest. Transportation and energy infrastructure are essential for national and regional development, but when they are poorly planned, negative impacts can exceed short-term benefits. Aqua Expeditions offers some of the most luxurious Amazon River cruise options with travelers boarding the spectacular Aria Amazon for 3, 4, and 7-night itineraries along this iconic waterway. Martin Strel swam the entire length of the Amazon River . Upper Amazon With Lindblad Expeditions. Let’s be precise. The Amazon River begins in the Andes in South America. Cachoeira do Paredao . Amazon River - Amazon River - Physical features: The debate over the location of the true source of the Amazon and over the river’s precise length sharpened during the second half of the 20th century, as technological advances made it possible to explore deeper into the extremely remote locations of the Amazon’s headstreams and to more accurately measure stream lengths. The Amazon River proper flows mostly in Peru and Brazil. $14.95 $ 14. The Amazon River carries more water than any other river in the world. On many of the Amazon's river banks, Machaerium lanatum shrub thickets grow in abundance as well, according to WWF. At the peak of the wet season, the Amazon River’s currents reach speeds of 7 kilometers per hour. The Rio Negro is one of the largest and in terms of waterflow, it holds the record for the second-largest river in the world. Occupying around 40% of South America, the Amazon is a vast ecosystem spanning eight countries and around 6.7 million square kilometres. Belem, the largest of the three major river cities, is located on the Para River, a tributary of the Amazon near the mouth of the Amazon. The Amazon river is home to the endangered pink river Dolphin. What Animals Live In The Amazon Rainforest? In fact, just a few years ago, a team of scientists discovered an underground river around 4km beneath the Amazon River that runs for about the same length but in some parts is around four times wider. Amazon River flows in nine countries in South America. The river is surrounded by the lush Amazon forest. 4.6 out of 5 stars 185. To spur development, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, … There are many places on the Amazon where a person on one side of the river cannot see the other side. Amazon. And, it carries the largest volume of water to the se… Most of the Amazon Rainforest is located in the first 3 countries in the list below. Discerning travelers seeking an Amazon Cruise expedition should only consider three countries: Peru, Ecuador and Brazil. In Earth's geological record, the Amazon River is thought to be around 100 million years old. The region is believed to be home to 10% – 1 in 10 – known species on Earth. Amazon River - Amazon River - Physical features: The debate over the location of the true source of the Amazon and over the river’s precise length sharpened during the second half of the 20th century, as technological advances made it possible to explore deeper into the extremely remote locations of the Amazon’s headstreams and to more accurately measure stream lengths. The Amazon is the world’s largest rainforest and the largest river basin on the planet. During rainy season, it can reach to 120 miles in width. The number and range of cruising options varies by country, and each destination has its own unique appeal. It flows through the … Home to the world’s largest rainforest, and one in ten of the known species on Earth, its scale and diversity is unparalleled. The Amazon River, not the Nile, is the longest in the world, a team of Brazilian scientists claims. Logging has reduced the size of the rainforest by 20% in just 40 years. Belem is the entrance gate to the Amazon, 100KM from the Atlantic Ocean. The Amazon River System meanders through nine South America countries. 95. The Amazon River, starting in the highlands of the Peruvian Andes. The Amazon River is also visited by tourists, researchers, and film makers to explore and enjoy its vast array of unique flora and fauna. The Amazon River (also named Rio Amazonas in Portuguese and Spanish) is the largest river in the world by the amount or volume of water it carries. Dams for hydroelectric power have also been developed along the river, especially on the Brazilian side. Sedimentation in the Amazon River is also occurring due to soil erosion caused by deforestation, according to a study by the Woods Hole Research Center, further disrupting the riverine habitats in turn. It is the second longest river after the Nile and flows through the countries of Peru, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guyana and Ecuador. Some of the other large tributaries of the … It's so large it actually touches all but two other countries in South America. Because of this, there is less plant diversity. The Amazon River Major Cities. As it is flush with water, the river carries nutrient-rich soil down the river. The ship sets sail from Iquitos and travels north into the Peruvian Amazon, providing passengers with decidedly upscale Amazonian experience. The Amazon River may wind its way through nine countries, but not all stretches are navigable or cater well to tourism. The Jurua and the Madeira are other main tributaries and these are both more than 2,000 miles long. For reference, their capitals and populations have also been included. It travels thousands of miles and spills into the Atlantic Ocean. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 km 2 (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 km 2 (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. And stretching from the Peruvian Andes to the Atlantic coast of Brazil, the immense River Amazon remains the life force of it all. It will first collect into the low part of the saucer . The Amazon rainforest spreads across nine countries namely Brazil, Ecuador, Venezuela, Suriname, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Guyana, and French Guiana. Image of the Day Atmosphere Land. Amazon has 1100 tributaries. After starting its seemingly slow and subtle voyage in the highlands of Peru, the Amazon River traverses through Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela before entering Brazil and flowing out of its Atlantic coast. The Amazon rainforest, alternatively, the Amazon Jungle, also known in English as Amazonia, is a moist broadleaf tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. Most scientific publications have estimated its length to be around 6,400 kilometers (3,977 miles), and its width, depending on the season and location, can span from 1 to 35 miles, according to the Smithsonian Institute. Select Your Cookie Preferences. Seven South American countries have agreed measures to protect the Amazon river basin, amid global concern over massive fires in the world's largest tropical forest. It is the second longest river after the Nile and flows through the countries of Peru, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guyana and Ecuador. The Amazon River is 4,000 miles long and is up to 6 miles wide in some areas. 10. Amazon River’s water resources account for 20 percent of all of the freshwater in the world. The Amazon River located in South America is the world’s second longest river. A port city, it is the capital of the state of Para. There are also mammals like the Amazon River dolphins, Giant otters, and Tapirs living there as well. 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