The leaves of a ficus Alii are quite different than those of the usual ficus trees. I’m here to share my experience and help you have more success and enjoyment growing plants. To stop your indoor Ficus bonsai from dropping leaves, you need to … When plants are overwatered it prompts a condition called root rot to develop. If you do want to give them a dose of fertilizer make sure to feed plants early in the spring as they begin growing again after the cooler, winter months. If your ficus is losing its leaves, go through the checklist of proper ficus tree care and correct anything that you find wrong. Incorrect watering – Under watering or over watering both can cause a ficus tree to lose leaves. Try to maintain as even an ambient temperature as possible with no more than a 5 – 10℉ swing in temperature. Pseudomonas Leaf Spot, Xanthomonas Leaf Spot, Corynespora Leaf Spot, and Myrothecium Leaf Spot are the common forms. Ficus binnenendijckii Alii Origin. Once southern blight symptoms appear in plants it’s best to dispose of the ficus entirely and treat any neighboring, unaffected plants with a fungicide drench as a means of prevention. Water the soil only when the very top of the soil is dry, but also make sure that your ficus tree’s pot has good drainage. First of all, realize that it is normal for a ficus tree to lose some leaves. I have a Ficus Tree in my yard, full sun, and I live in Arizona. But if it does, just treat it like you should treat your tree normally - get rid of anything that is stressing it and get the balance right for your tree and the amount of work you put into it. One of the most common reasons for a ficus to drop leaves is not receiving enough water. Ficus Alii (Ficus binnendiijkii ‘Alii’) is one of the most popular air-purifying indoor plants. Symptoms will show first on the roots causing them to turn brown and mushy — classic signs of rot. Symptoms start off as a fine, feathery white or brown (depending on the fungal variety) mycelium mat on the surface of the growing media that then make their way onto plant parts. The yellow spots appear on the tops of the foliage while the insects suck sap and chlorophyll from the bottom. Symptoms show as stunted or deformed leaf growth, especially on new foliage as mealybugs inject a toxin into leaves when they feed on the plant’s fluid. Fungus – Ficus trees are also occasionally affected by fungus, which can make the tree drop its leaves. Pest problems tend to rise as you turn your heating system on as temperatures drop in the fall. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Yes, ficus plants are a common allergen within homes, especially irritating to those with asthma or other pulmonary complications. Reduced lighting as the days get shorter will result in leaf drop, as well as limited exposure to the sun in your home in general. When they don’t receive enough water when indoors they think a dry season is coming and drop leaves in response. The newer King Alii ficus have wider leaves than the original ficus alii trees. It has been in for about 6 months and all of a sudden it is loosing leaves. Branch Dieback Ficus benjamina: Leaves wilt, die, and fall. Small and eventually large branches die. When this happens, the leaves often fall off yellow like those above. Green leaves falling from the ficus indicate your plant has been over-watered. Dropping leaves can also indicate that the moisture levels in the soil need adjusting. Bacterial Leaf Spot Ficus benjamina: Angular yellow spots are limited in size by veins. Either bend the limb to see if it snaps off or scratch the bark with your fingernail to see if it peels off to reveal fresh green underneath or if it is dried out. Ficus Alii Ficus Alii Features: An Overview. New leaves may also appear pale or even white. Description. Keep in mind though that when you bring it back indoors at the end of the summer you will see leaf drop then as the plant works to acclimatize. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. Never let more than the top couple of inches dry out between waterings. The ficus tree, (Ficus benjamina) is native to Asia and Australia, typically grown as an outdoor tree reaching upwards of fifty to one-hundred feet tall depending on the locale. The humidity and temperature in your house also changes at this time and this can cause ficus trees to lose leaves. However, there’s a fine line between letting them get dry enough between waterings and getting overly dry. Every beginner goes through this stage sooner or later. Help. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! See also my complete guide to ficus tree care. It can also occur in the fall in cooler areas when people begin heating their homes again. Generally moderate watering, in the growth period that runs from March to August a little more as in winter. Once symptoms are visible in the leaves the problem may be past the point of rectifying, endangering the entire plant. Why is my ficus dropping leaves? Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. Day lengths continue to shorten, temperatures drop in response (most homes are kept cooler in the winter than the summer), and the relative humidity levels plummet as winter takes hold. These pink, soft-bodied insects are covered with a white, waxy, almost cottony-like material. To correctly treat this reason for ficus tree leaves falling off, use fungicide (like neem oil) on the tree. This is the time when your Ficus will most likely lose some leaves. This will help you choose the best books, tools, and resources to help you develop your green thumb. These conditions vary less within the home than outdoors but still enough the plant feels the need for acclimatization. Just as damaging as underwatering, overwatering your ficus tree can cause significant leaf drop especially in the winter months. As root rot progresses leaves turn yellow, wilt, or droop and then become mushy as well. Let the top inch of soil dry out between watering, and make sure your plant's pot is not standing in a dish or saucer of water. Regardless of the type of insect problem mechanically removing insects by hand is an appropriate treatment option when dealing with smaller sized ficus plants grown indoors. In short, dropping the leaves is a survival mechanism for Ficus trees. You can let the soil dry out slightly before watering again. Soft scale insects do not possess a hard, protective coating so they generate either a thin, powdery, cotton-like or waxy layer over their bodies for protection. Me too. The Ficus belongs to the family Moreaceae or Moerbei. Why Is My Ficus Dropping Leaves? Alii will suffer twig dieback and leaf drop if the plant is allowed to dry out. Water The ficus grows best in moist, well drained soil. It often drops its leaves during the changing of the seasons. A few leaves dropping of a ficus tree will not hurt it and they will regrow, but if your ficus is losing more than a few leaves, the following reasons could be why: Change in environment – The most common cause for dropping ficus leaves is that its environment has changed. Too much water can also cause weeping fig yellow leaves. The origin of the ficus is Africa, South America and the south of the USA. Most indoor Bonsai species (Ficus, Carmona, etc) do not drop their leaves, unless there is a problem: Overwatering is a common reason when the indoor Bonsai is planted in poor soil that retains too much water. Encountering trouble with pests is a sure bet your ficus will start dropping leaves, as a stress response to the infestation. The Ficus Alii has slender leaves that are uniquely shaped with a broad top. One reason is that there is a big change in the environment. If this is affecting your tree, the leaves on the ficus tree may be yellow in addition to falling off. There are many reasons but they all occur as the ficus adjusts to maintain performance when conditions vary, through a process of acclimatization. These layers cannot be separated from the insect body. It’s not unusual for plants to drop upwards of 20% of their foliage when trying to adjust to changing conditions brought on by abiotic or biotic stressors. There are no known, effective, chemical treatments. Soggy, oxygen-depleted soils encourage the growth and multiplication of Pythium, Phytophthora, Rhizoctonia, or Fusarium fungi which spreads into the roots, infecting plants. This layer can be separated from the insect body and tightly adheres the scale to the plant forming a waterproof seal. An improperly watered ficus tree may have yellowing leaves and the ficus tree leaves may curl. Leaves are falling off my Ficus Microcarpa. Plants that Detoxify the Air. The pests pierce leaves, stems, branches, and tree trunks to feed on the sap within these plant tissues, damaging the plant overall. My Ficus Alii is dropping leaves. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. How can you tell the difference? There are two different types of scale insects that infest ficus trees: soft and armored scale. In extreme cases when conditions are perfect, i.e. Spots become brown and leaves fall. A lot of the leaves have brown, crispy edges. Too much water will also do the same. This leaves many ficus owners asking, “Why is my ficus losing leaves?”. If your ficus tree has yellowing leaves or is losing leaves from its branch tips, it is likely over watered. A few months of overwatering will lead to root-rot, only visible in the tree losing strength and dropping its leaves. Often, you will see ficus leaves drop when the seasons change. Ficus trees (Ficus benjamina) are one of the most common plants found adorning home interiors around the world, but this finicky species can cause many owners to wring their hands in frustration. Leaf drop will be the most extreme as homes move from fall to winter. To help with this, try to keep your ficus tree’s environment as stable as possible. tips for growing and caring for your houseplants. Step 2 Cut away all dead leaves and dry limbs. These trees, which are native to India and Asia, are known for their glossy, leathery leaves that seem to drop every time their environment changes. Indoor Ficus Ginseng bonsai are usually affected by poor light access that leads to the loss of leaves. One of the biggest challenges with spider mites is their prolific nature; often times a heavy infestation will occur, unnoticed, before plants begin to show physical symptoms of damage. When your ficus is infected with crown gall, tumor-like lesions commonly known as galls, form on the surface of stems or internally within the stem tissue.