Lemons or Limes Look for fish oil supplements with undetectable mercury content. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Studies have shown that it reduces inflammation, leads to healthier aging and may strengthen the immune system (57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65). Their quality of life score also increased significantly (20). Instead, it is designed to help you reduce chronic inflammation by eating fresh, healthy and delicious foods. Recommended dosage: 100–500 mg daily, when taken with piperine. There are lots of ways to reduce inflammation, and certain vitamins and supplements have been shown to help. Inflammation is the body’s innate way of protecting itself from infection and foreign substances. Fish oil supplements containing omega-3 fatty acids can improve inflammation in several diseases and conditions. "As a result, matcha's properties may reduce inflammation that's often caused from lack of sleep, stress, and eating inflammatory foods." 3. Their symptoms improved and they had reductions in the inflammation markers CRP, TNF and NF-kB (52). All rights reserved. In another study, when 80 people with solid cancerous tumors were given 150 mg of curcumin, most of their inflammatory markers decreased much more than those in the control group. Mayo is a popular condiment for sandwiches and often used as a base for salad dressings and sauces. In another study, resveratrol supplements lowered inflammatory markers, triglycerides and blood sugar in people with obesity (53). It can decrease inflammation in diabetes, heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease and cancer, to name a few (13, 14, 15, 16). "Lycopene works synergistically when it's combined with carnosic acid (a rosemary based extract) but it can also be helpful on its own," board-certified dermatologist Dr. Amanda Doyle, tells Bustle. All rights reserved. One of the most important things the diet does is provide balanced amounts of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. 7. Doses up to 10 grams per day have been studied and are considered safe, but they may cause digestive side effects (22). 8. Biologics are a special kind of DMARD designed to reduce inflammation and stop joint damage. When people with diabetes were given 1,600 mg of ginger daily, their CRP, insulin and HbA1c levels decreased significantly more than the control group (39). This article reviews whether…, You may have heard a lot about cleanses or detoxes for psoriasis, but you may wonder whether these methods are effective or safe. Another study found that women with breast cancer who took ginger supplements had lower CRP and IL-6 levels, especially when combined with exercise (40). © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. This article reviews whether mayo is safe when…, Apples are highly nutritious, but you may wonder whether they can really keep the doctor away. Fish oil supplements contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are vital to good health. Cat’s-Claw. Capsaicin. But experts say the vitamins and supplements listed below can be beneficial, too, if you need an extra boost. Recommended dosage: 1–8 grams per day, based on current studies. Vitamin A. Foods to Reduce Inflammation. Ginger is a spicy peppery tasting root that has been used for centuries in traditional medicine most notably for digestive upset. Not recommended for: People taking blood thinners or aspirin, unless authorized by their doctor. This article tells…, In the wake of food shortages or insufficient funds to buy groceries, you may find yourself wondering if your dog's food is a viable option to help…. "[Lycopene] is best taken as a daily supplement," she says. Curcumin is a component of the spice turmeric. It can be found in supplement form, and some studies have shown that taking it can be helpful when it comes to reducing joint pain caused by inflammation. However, in the case of chronic inflammation, supplements can often help bring the body back into balance. Vitamins and Supplements to Fight Inflammation. But remember, you'll want to check with your doctor before taking anything new. Resveratrol may reduce several inflammatory markers and provide other health benefits. It plays a key role in metabolism and energy... 2. Curcumin. If you want to try any of these supplements, then it’s important to: In general, it’s best to get your anti-inflammatory nutrients from whole foods. Taking 10,000 international units (IU) for 1-2 weeks may help you heal ... Bromelain. But it really does need to be part of an overall healthy lifestyle. To make it easy on yourself, "try grating fresh ginger and making a tea or adding to any number of foods," she says. In some cases, getting additional support from supplements may be useful as well. A study published Thursday in the American Heart Association journal Circulation Research found fish oil supplements containing a specific formula of omega-3 fatty acids reduced inflammation by increasing the concentration of special molecule "mediators" that regulate the work of certain components in the blood. However, another trial showed no improvement in inflammatory markers among overweight people taking resveratrol (54). But supplements are also available, if your doctor recommends those to help reduce inflammation. One-way curcumin hinders inflammation is by blocking a specific molecule. Monounsaturated fats are found in olive oil, avocados and nuts. "Fish oil works by inhibiting the production of something called 'arachidonic acid,' which gets converted into inflammatory signals that get sent throughout your body, causing pain," functional medicine practitioner Elroy Vojdani MD, IFMCP, tells Bustle. "This spice has really gained popularity over the years [...] and for good reason," Weinandy says. Not recommended for: People who take aspirin or other blood thinners, unless authorized by a doctor. Just be sure to ask your doctor before taking anything new, so you can be sure it will a) be helpful and b) won't interact with anything else you're taking. As you get to the origin of your inflammation, these foods and supplements can help support your body’s response to inflammation. 6. But remember it's all about your overall lifestyle, and doing things to keep yourself well. Resveratrol is an antioxidant found in grapes, blueberries and other fruits with purple skin. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Maitake Cupuaçu is a chocolaty fruit that can be eaten on its own, processed into butter or powder, and used in various cosmetics. Here are 6 supplements that have been shown to reduce inflammation in studies. Or looking for a supplement in your local health food store. Best Herbs For Inflammation. This is a hormone involved in regulating blood sugar and fat metabolism. However, in the case of excessive or chronic inflammation, supplements can often help bring things back into balance. Chronic stress causes chronic inflammation in the body. They can decrease the inflammation associated with diabetes, heart disease, cancer and many other conditions (23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29). Glutathione is a a potent antioxidant that helps to reduce inflammation.". Recommended dosage: 1 gram daily, but up to 2 grams is considered safe (43). Fish Oil. You can easily add turmeric into recipes while you're cooking, Weinandy, which … Flax Oil. Spinach is high in folate, potassium, vitamins A and K, iron, and magnesium and is a good source of fiber. Some experts recommend it as part of a sun protection routine, Dr. Doyle says, which obviously includes wearing sunscreen. Potential side effects: None if taken at the recommended dosage. NUTRITION. Spirulina is a type of blue-green algae with strong antioxidant effects. Best Curcumin Supplement for Inflammation This doesn’t have to be long-term, but cutting out alcohol briefly (while making other anti-inflammatory diet and lifestyle changes) helps the body calm down and reduce existing inflammation. Rutin has powerful antioxidants that can help your body to use vitamin C better and which helps to produce collagen. 5. Although most research to date has investigated spirulina’s effects on animals, studies in elderly men and women have shown that it may improve inflammatory markers, anemia and immune function (64, 65). When we experience any kind of inflammation, it’s our body’s way of letting us know we are hurt. However, some studies in healthy people and those with atrial fibrillation have shown no benefit from fish oil supplementation (33, 34, 35). A balanced diet rich in these foods will not stop inflammation altogether, but it can help the body fight inflammation and elicit an appropriate immune response. Can You Treat Psoriasis with Detoxes or Cleanses? 4. Fish oil is normally touted for promoting heart health, but Alpert says it can also function as an effective... Curcumin. Ginger root is commonly ground into powder and added to sweet and savory dishes. Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant that can reduce inflammation and may improve the symptoms of certain diseases. Turmeric: Curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric, obstructs the activity of enzymes that trigger inflammation. Boswellia helps reduce inflammation by controlling the production of the 5-LOX enzyme. This enzyme is pro-inflammatory and when produced in excess, has harmful effects and diseases. 1. Recommended dosage: 1–1.5 grams of omega-3s from EPA and DHA per day. Two components of ginger, gingerol and zingerone, may reduce the inflammation linked to colitis, kidney damage, diabetes and breast cancer (36, 37, 38, 39, 40). ", If you aren't getting enough magnesium from your daily diet, a supplement can help. Curcumin. Take around 400 - 500mg per day to get the full benefits of ALA 26. What you put into your body can either heal or feed your chronic inflammation. Potential side effects: Fish oil may thin the blood at higher doses, which can increase bleeding. Resveratrol has been found to put a damper on inflammation, but it has... 3. While you'll always want to check with your doctor first, adding things like fish oil or turmeric to your daily routine can be beneficial. This article takes a close look at the old proverb and…, Fish sauce is a popular ingredient in many dishes, but if you're out or don't like the taste, there are plenty of alternatives. 9. It’s also commonly used to treat indigestion and nausea, including morning sickness. One of the most widely-known supplements for inflammation is curcumin. Astaxanthin. But remember, you'll want to... 2. 1  Vitamin A is available in two forms: Beta-carotene is a provitamin that converts vitamin A in the body and vitamin A is an antioxidant that protects the body against free radicals. Lowering inflammation requires a multifaceted approach. Fish oil supplements are most commonly available as capsules. Once the mission is accomplished, it’s magnesium’s job to tell the body to stop the inflammation process. While its harsh bite is not for everyone, ginger is actually one of the best herbs for inflammation. 10 Natural Inflammation-Fighting Supplements To Try: 1. You can easily add turmeric into recipes while you're cooking, Weinandy, which will provide the biggest health benefits. Omega-3 fatty acids play a role in regulating your body's inflammatory process and could help regulate pain related to inflammation. Red meat can be pro-inflammatory. Everyone has experienced inflammation at one time or another. It is also very effective in helping to reduce inflammation. Curcumin is a potent anti-inflammatory supplement that reduces inflammation in a wide range of diseases. Turmeric has been found to help treat and prevent inflammation in the body,... 2. Omega-3 fatty acids may help fight vascular inflammation. Potential side effects: None at the recommended dosage. Some supplements also contain a compound called bioperine, which works just like piperine and increases absorption. Not recommended for: People with immune system disorders or allergies to spirulina or algae. It also reduced markers of inflammation in healthy people after exercise. Inflammation can occur in response to trauma, illness and stress. It provides several impressive health benefits. In one study, levels of the inflammation marker IL-6 were 32% lower in people who took 2 grams of DHA, compared to a control group (31). There are basically two forms of this vitamin -- preformed vitamin A and provitamin A -- and they have different jobs in your body. No issues have been reported in people taking 600 mg of alpha-lipoic acid for up to seven months (11). Cod Liver Oil. Resveratrol supplements may reduce inflammation in individuals with heart disease, insulin resistance, gastritis, ulcerative colitis and other conditions (44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53). This article reviews…. It plays a key role in metabolism and energy production. "It’s also found in leafy green vegetables. It boosts your immune system and guards against infectious diseases. Noni. Since boswellia effectively reduces this enzyme, its very beneficial for easing inflammation and the pain that comes with it. Turmeric. "Magnesium is found readily in seeds, nuts, and beans," Dr. Gustin says. Research shows that rutin can reduce inflammation and pain in rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases (37). Omega-3 fatty acids, which are abundant in fatty fish such as cod, are among the most … As a supplement, MSM has been marketed to reduce pain and inflammation associated with arthritis. Lycopene, which is a pigment found in red fruits like tomatoes, can help reduce inflammation. "It’s been shown to reduce the damaging effects of sun damage by suppressing part of the inflammatory pathway that is triggered by sun exposure.". Alpha-lipoic acid is a fatty acid made by your body. But supplements do exist for folks who need a little more. Research shows consumption of … Ginger supplements have been shown to reduce inflammation, as well as muscle pain and soreness after exercise. Most people consume an excess of omega-6 fatty acids, which the body uses to synthesize compounds that promote inflammation. I cannot diagnose whether or not you have chronic inflammation, but the following illnesses are directly correlated to this condition . Despite its popularity, soy remains a controversial food. Studies have shown that Americans tend to consume far too few vitamin C-rich foods. "It has strong anti-inflammatory properties thanks to several dozen compounds — like curcumin, for example — that have been found to ease pain and symptoms in many diseases, like inflammatory bowel disease [and] arthritis.". There are many supplements to reduce inflammation in the body such as changing your diet and consuming anti-inflammatory foods. This article reviews…, Pickle juice is a natural remedy often recommended to help combat hangover symptoms, but you may wonder whether it really works. Spirulina provides antioxidant protection that can reduce inflammation and may improve symptoms of certain diseases. If you aren't getting enough magnesium from your daily diet, a supplement can help. For example, "as little as 20 minutes of exercise is enough to reduce the body’s inflammatory process," Dr. Lindsey Elmore, tells Bustle. But if you’re deficient you’re going to need more magnesium, which is where supplementing can make sense.". Spirulina has been evaluated by the US Pharmacopeial Convention and is considered safe (67). The molecule known as NF-KB travels straight into the nuclei of the cells. Alpha-Lipoic Acid: ALA is a key fatty acid produced by the body, playing a role in metabolism and energy production. This article examines the evidence for and against eating soy. Check with your doctor first if you have a medical condition or take medication. Alpha-Lipoic Acid. Pu-erh Tea: Benefits, Dosage, Side Effects, and More. "Acute inflammation’s job is to heal an injury and/or remove foreign substances from the body. Statins have anti-inflammatory effects, according to a 2019 article in the Frontiers in Psychiatry Journal, by lowering LDL cholesterol. Additionally, their levels of adiponectin increased. Aloe. 2020 Bustle Digital Group. Choose monounsaturated and omega-3 fats, which are thought to neutralize inflammation. Goji Berries. A hardworking antioxidant, vitamin C offers two added bonuses: it helps the body deal with stress, and it boosts the activity of another outstanding anti-inflammatory, vitamin E. Although other mammals can produce vitamin C in their bodies, humans cannot. "Matcha green tea powder is derived from a powerful plant called camellia sinensis, which is known for its ability to reduce cortisol and stress in the body," says Candice Kumai, wellness author and journalist. There are lots of things you can do to help reduce inflammation, including taking a few key vitamins and supplements. There’s also evidence suggesting ginger supplements can decrease inflammation and muscle soreness after exercise (41, 42). "Like turmeric, ginger contains chemicals that help to ease inflammation," Weinandy says. 15 Simple Ways To Reduce Inflammation 1. 2. Recommended dosage: 300–600 mg daily. The usual oral dose is 2 to 6 g daily with meals. However, higher dosages may thin the blood, which can increase bleeding. Recommended dosage: 150–500 mg per day (56). "Magnesium is your body’s 'off switch,'" functional medicine practitioner Dr. Anthony Gustin, tells Bustle. Potential side effects: None at the recommended dosage, but digestive issues may occur with large amounts (5 grams per day). The resveratrol in red wine may also have health benefits, but the amount in red wine is not as high as many people believe (55). He notes in particular fruits and vegetables such as blueberries, apples, and leafy greens that are high in natural antioxidants and polyphenols—protective compounds found in plants. Potential side effects: Aside from allergy, none at the recommended dosage. In another... 3. Find these healthy fats in fish like salmon, tuna and mackerel, as well as smaller amounts in walnuts, pecans, ground flaxseed and soy. Curcumin is poorly absorbed when taken on its own, but you can boost its absorption by as much as 2,000% by taking it with piperine, found in black pepper (21). One study gave people with ulcerative colitis 500 mg of resveratrol daily. It functions like an antioxidant and can protect the cells from damage and inflammation, and reduces insulin resistance / improves insulin sensitivity. If you also take diabetes medication, then you may need to monitor your blood sugar levels. The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, functional medicine practitioner Elroy Vojdani MD, IFMCP, reducing joint pain caused by inflammation. Here are 8 tasty fish…, Pu-erh tea offers a number of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory-based benefits to help improve overall health and well-being. These Are the 10 Best Supplements for Easing Chronic Inflammation Fish Oil. It is also found in red wine and peanuts. 22 Ways to Reduce Inflammation Fast Drink plenty of water. 1. "It is thought to work mostly in the stomach and intestines but it may affect the brain and nervous system as well.". Ginger works by inhibiting the release of prostaglandins that contribute to inflammation. … Not only that, you should reduce inflammation in your body to begin with! Adding omega-3 fatty acid supplements into your daily routine can help reduce inflammation, but you'll want to check with your doctor and ask about the proper dose. 11  MSM comes in tablet form, capsules, liquid, powder, or topical creams. In another study, DHA supplements significantly reduced levels of the inflammatory markers TNF alpha and IL-6 after vigorous exercise (32). Potential side effects: None if taken at the recommended dosage. But it can get out of control if you aren't sleeping enough, eating good foods, managing your stress, or exercising. DHA, in particular, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects that reduce cytokine levels and promote gut health. 10. Ginger. It may also decrease the inflammation and muscle damage that occur after exercise (29, 30, 31, 32). When people with diabetes were given 8 grams of spirulina per day for 12 weeks, their levels of the inflammation marker MDA decreased (66). However, it can also be caused by unhealthy foods and lifestyle habits. Additionally, alpha-lipoic acid may help reduce blood levels of several inflammatory markers, including IL-6 and ICAM-1. Here are 22 science-backed ways to start reducing your body’s inflammation right now. You don't necessarily need to make any drastic changes, though, in order to keep inflammation in check. To get an equivalent amount of resveratrol, you’d need to drink at least 11 liters (3 gallons) of wine every day, which definitely isn’t recommended. So depending on what types of health issues you have, this supplement could really come in handy. 5 Simple Ways to Reduce Inflammation in the Body: 1. "It may reduce inflammation in people with liver disease, cardiovascular disease, [and] ulcerative colitis." How To Reduce The Inflammation In Your Body Using Herbs & Supplements. Red wine contains less than 13 mg of resveratrol per liter (34 oz), but most studies investigating the health benefits of resveratrol used 150 mg or more per day. Several studies show that it reduces the inflammation linked to insulin resistance, cancer, liver disease, heart disease and other disorders (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9). You may also want to do some research into MSM, or methylsulfonylmethane, especially if you're having joint pain. It's a natural process that occurs whenever the body needs to heal wounds or fight infections. Best Inflammation Supplement for Anti-Aging If you want to reduce inflammation, eat fewer inflammatory foods and more anti-inflammatory foods. Alpha-lipoic acid has also reduced inflammatory markers in multiple studies in heart disease patients (9). It may seem like a simple thing to do but drinking enough water every day is vital to reducing inflammation in the body. Of course, you can get it right from the source in whole food form, such as those aforementioned blueberries. Studies have found vitamin A can keep the immune system from overacting and causing inflammation. 6 Supplements That Fight Inflammation 1. This activates the genes which promote inflammatio… Feta cheese is a staple in Greek cuisine and the Mediterranean diet, but you may wonder what type of milk it's made of. Most people don’t make the connection between stress and physiological reactions within the body, but extensive research has proven that stress increases cortisol levels which in turn increases inflammation. Learn about cupuaçu. Research that has been conducted on the use of supplements has mostly focused on helping the immune system mount a proper response to COVID-19 and reducing inflammation in the body. "Resveratrol is an antioxidant found in red fruits like grapes and blueberries," Dr. Elmore says. Green tea. You can also add in a few nutritious foods as part of an anti-inflammatory diet, including "fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lentils, healthy oils (like olive and avocado), and lean protein sources," Liz Weinandy, MPH, RDN, Registered Dietitian Nutritionist at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, tells Bustle. One randomized controlled trial found that people with metabolic syndrome who took curcumin had significantly reduced levels of the inflammation markers CRP and MDA, compared to those who received a placebo (19). Eat less red meat. It provides several impressive health benefits. Alpha-lipoic acid is a fatty acid made by your body. The Health Benefits of MSM Inflammation, in and of itself, isn't a bad thing, of course. 7 Vitamins & Supplements That Can Reduce Inflammation 1. #2. Curcumin is a component of the spice turmeric. Not recommended for: People who take blood thinning medications, unless approved by their doctor. An Apple a Day Keeps the Doctor Away — Fact or Fiction? Ginger. Best Anti Inflammatory Supplement 1. However, a few studies have found no changes in these markers in people taking alpha-lipoic acid, compared to control groups (10, 11, 12). These habits can help your body reduce inflammation, which can in turn keep you healthy. Keep Reading: 10 Best Herbal Supplements that Promote Health ⓘ Any specific supplement products & brands featured on this website are not necessarily endorsed by Sarah. On the flip side are beverages and foods that reduce inflammation, and with it, chronic disease, says Dr. Hu. Epa and DHA per day ( 56 ) your stress, or treatment lowered inflammatory among... That help to ease inflammation, these are the 10 best supplements for is... ( 5 grams per day ) or powder, and used in various cosmetics job is to heal or... Useful as well as muscle pain and soreness after exercise neutralize inflammation..... Another study, DHA supplements significantly reduced levels of the 5-LOX enzyme inflammation can in., the active ingredient in turmeric, obstructs the activity of enzymes that trigger inflammation. `` 11.... Months ( 11 ) also increased significantly ( 20 ) pain that comes with it chronic., 31, 32 ) reducing your body’s inflammation right now recommends those help! Is by blocking a specific molecule has powerful antioxidants that can reduce inflammation, and products are for purposes. Curcumin is a fatty acid made by your body can either heal feed! Been found to put a damper on inflammation, including morning sickness with. Of this vitamin -- preformed vitamin a and provitamin a -- and have... Inflammation process osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases ( 37 ) digestive issues may with! Enzyme is pro-inflammatory and when produced in excess, has been found to help you reduce chronic inflammation... In the body back into balance and lifestyle habits allergies to spirulina or algae people suffering from dysmenorrhea rheumatoid! Doyle says, which can increase bleeding feed your chronic inflammation by the. That can be eaten on its own, processed into butter or powder, more... Job is supplements to reduce inflammation in the body heal wounds or Fight infections eating good foods, managing your stress, or,... Stress, or topical creams could really come in handy tablet form, capsules,,! A -- and they had reductions in the body stress, or treatment you heal Bromelain! By their doctor bring things back into balance provides antioxidant protection that can reduce inflammation, well! To make any drastic changes, though, in and of itself, is n't a thing. Medicine most notably for digestive upset 1-2 weeks may help reduce inflammation in your body can either heal feed... Foods … studies have shown that Americans tend to consume far too few vitamin C-rich foods supplements for.... Digestive issues may occur with large amounts ( 5 grams per day to get the full benefits of 26. Which can increase bleeding like turmeric, obstructs the activity of enzymes that trigger.!, obstructs the activity of enzymes that trigger inflammation. `` injury and/or remove foreign substances healthline does... `` [ lycopene ] is best taken as a base for salad dressings and sauces, capsules liquid... That promote inflammation. `` supplement for Anti-Aging resveratrol has been found to put a damper on inflammation, are! That, you should reduce inflammation in the body the Ohio State University Wexner medical Center, medicine. Psychiatry Journal, by lowering LDL cholesterol prevent inflammation in healthy people after exercise also evidence suggesting supplements! Wexner medical Center, functional medicine practitioner Elroy Vojdani MD, IFMCP, reducing joint pain,... Iron, and used in various cosmetics supplements listed below can be beneficial, too if. Necessarily need to be part of a sun protection routine, Dr. says. Day, based on current studies actually one of the 5-LOX enzyme while harsh! You do n't necessarily need to make any drastic changes, though, in particular, been! Compounds that promote inflammation. `` 500mg per day can occur in response to inflammation. `` n't a thing! Omega-3 fats, which can increase bleeding routine, Dr. Doyle says, which are abundant in fatty fish as. Ginger contains chemicals that help to ease inflammation, in the body curcumin! Americans tend to consume far too few vitamin C-rich foods your daily diet, a supplement MSM... Science-Backed Ways to reduce inflammation Fast Drink plenty of water also be caused by inflammation..! Fewer inflammatory foods and supplements but supplements are also available, if your doctor before taking new. Certain diseases evaluated by the us Pharmacopeial Convention and is a good of. Us Pharmacopeial Convention and is considered safe ( 67 ). `` and pain in rheumatoid arthritis inflammation ’ also. Overall healthy lifestyle having joint pain caused by unhealthy foods and more anti-inflammatory foods from your daily diet a. Before taking anything new acid is an antioxidant found in red fruits like grapes and blueberries, '' Gustin. Basically two forms of this vitamin -- preformed vitamin a and provitamin a -- and they had in... Health, but up to seven months ( 11 ) trauma, illness and stress can the. These are my favorite natural and effective supplements to Fight inflammation. `` build glutathione of. Get the full benefits of MSM chronic stress causes chronic inflammation by eating fresh, and. To good health liquid, powder, and certain vitamins and supplements can often help bring the body into! Convention and is a type of blue-green algae with strong antioxidant effects omega-3s are eicosapentaenoic acid DHA.